Energy is changing. Across the globe, emerging technologies, changing customer sensibilities and the effects of climate change are reshaping how electricity is generated, supplied and consumed. As South Africa responds to these changes, it must also confront the specific challenges that threaten its electricity supply and constrain its economy.

The need to reform the energy sector has been proposed in the past. In the 1998 White Paper on Energy Policy, Government had identified some of the reforms required to the electricity supply system, including the restructuring of Eskom, to ensure a reliable, competitive and transparent system.